Political Violence threatens the Peace of South Sudan

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Another fight has broke out between rival soldiers in South Sudan, threatening the fragile peace agreement forged with the help of outsiders including the United States.

The spokesman for South Sudanese government troops, Army Maj. Gen. Lul Ruai Koang, stated that rival forces – known officially as the Sudan People’s Liberation Army In Opposition – had “declared war” by attacking their positions in Longechuk County.

Col. Lam Paul Gabriel, a spokesman for the rival forces, claimed that government troops attacked first. His group’s political bureau on Tuesday had approved the suspension of its participation in meetings of the security mechanisms holding together the peace deal between President Salva Kiir and his rival Vice President Riek Machar.

In a statement Wednesday, the U.S., the U.K. and Norway – the troika supporting South Sudan’s peace deal – said they were concerned that the fighting threatens to undermine the government’s unity.

“With less than a year left of the transitional period, whole-hearted commitment is critical to get us past the finish line,” the statement said. “Unfortunately, recent events signal the opposite.”

There were high hopes for peace and stability once oil-rich South Sudan gained its long-fought independence from Sudan in 2011. But the country slid into civil war in December 2013 largely based on ethnic divisions when forces loyal to Kiir started battling those loyal to Machar.

The rivals reached signed a peace agreement in 2018, with Machar returning as Kiir’s deputy. But challenges remain, including the government’s failure to implement promised reforms including completing the unification of the army command.

Meanwhile, a group of United Nations experts warned in a report last year that “the stability of South Sudan has remained at risk” as a result of missed deadlines and political gridlock on key issues in the unity government´s agreement.

By Feranmi Okuku